CHURCH FATHERS (31) Hilary of Poitiers: ‘Athanasius of the West’ and ‘Hammer of the Arians’

Saint Hilary of Poitiers (310-315 AD) converted from paganism to Christianity, becoming a staunch defender of the Trinity. As Bishop of Poitiers, he opposed Arianism, was exiled for defending Athanasius, and wrote “De Trinitate.” Known as the “Athanasius of the West,” he emphasized gentleness and reverence in his teachings. Hilary died in 367, leaving a legacy of theological works and hymns.

CHURCH FATHERS (30) – Cyril of Alexandria: defender of the Theotokos

Saint Cyril of Alexandria played a pivotal role in affirming the doctrine that Mary is Theotokos (Mother of God). He opposed Nestorius, who argued that Mary was only Christotokos (Mother of Christ) and denied the unity of Jesus’ divine and human natures. Cyril’s efforts culminated in the Council of Ephesus in 431, which confirmed his teachings and condemned Nestorius’ views.

CHURCH FATHERS (27): A man who combined learning, prayer and beauty

Saint Gregory of Nazianzus, a Church Father of the East, exemplified the harmonious integration of learning, piety, and beauty in service to God. He became known as “The Theologian” for his theological orations defending the Trinitarian faith and addressing heresies. Gregory emphasized the humanity of Christ and affirmed Mary as Theotokos, while also advocating for solidarity and charity in action.

CHURCH FATHERS (21): Turning point

The tide turned for Christianity with Emperor Galerius’ Edict of Toleration in 311, ending the Diocletian persecution. Subsequently, in February 313 AD, Emperors Constantine and Licinius issued the Edict of Milan, granting Christians freedom of worship. This milestone paved the way for Emperor Theodosius to establish Christianity as the state religion. The era of religious freedom ushered in positive advancements in theological scholarship, liturgy, and artistic expression.