APOLOGIA – 10 Can we believe that God governs the world?


Objection 1: There are many people who live as if God did not exist. Thus, they don’t recognize the primacy of God in their life and His power on them.

Objection 2: There are so many religions in the world, how we can make the distinction between a so-called “true God” and the others?

Objection 3: Things that are governed move towards an end. But in the world many things have no apparent end so it seems they don’t need to be governed by anyone.

On the contrary, in Psalm 98 we read: “Let the rivers clap their hands; let the hills sing for joy together before the LORD, for he comes to judge the earth. He will judge the world with righteousness, and the peoples with equity.”
I answer that God governs the world. And this government is more evident and efficient when we are able to embrace poverty, not just to be considered as a lack of material goods but especially as humbleness of spirit. When we are able to make space in our life for the action of God, His power becomes evident. Benedict XVI, in the Angelus of August 29, 2010 has said: “At the end of the parable Jesus suggests to the Pharisee leader that he invite to his table not his friends, kinsmen or rich neighbours, but rather poorer and more marginalized people who can in no way reciprocate (cf. Lk 14: 13-14), so that the gift may be given freely. The true reward, in fact, will ultimately be given by God, ‘who governs the world…. We offer him our service only to the extent that we can, and for as long as he grants us the strength’ (Encyclical Deus Caritas Est, no 35).”

Reply to objection 1: There are many kids that behave as if they had no parents and they openly disobey them. But this is not to say that the parents’ role depends on the kids behavior. So, even if they are not obeyed or recognized by their children, they remain parents. Even if people turn away from God and do not recognize Him as their King, He is still the same God with the same power upon us.

Reply to objection 2: Even if we may have partial truths in other religions the fullness of truth is only in the Catholic Church as Saint John Paul II said in Redemptoris Missio: “If we go back to the beginnings of the Church, we find a clear affirmation that Christ is the one Savior of all, the only one able to reveal God and lead to God. … This statement, which was made to the Sanhedrin, has a universal value, since for all people — Jews and Gentiles alike — salvation can only come from Jesus Christ.” There is only one mediator, that is Jesus Christ and one Church that is the one he has founded. And there is only one God, Father of all.

Reply to objection 3: Saint Thomas Aquinas answers: “A thing moves or operates for an end in two ways. First, in moving itself to the end, as man and other rational creatures; and such things have knowledge of their end, and of the means to the end. Secondly, a thing is said to move or operate for an end, as though moved or directed by another thereto, as an arrow directed to the target by the archer, who knows the end unknown to the arrow. Wherefore, as the movement of the arrow towards a definite end shows clearly that it is directed by someone with knowledge, so the unvarying course of natural things which are without knowledge, shows clearly that the world is governed by some reason.” And there is nothing to add.

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